Potatoes are a high-carb food that provides vitamins, minerals, and healthy plant compounds. Moreover, for beauty care, they also work to support weight loss and prevent heart disease effectively.
Compared to other vegetables, potatoes are easy to store. If stored properly, a good potato will still be delicious for a whole month, whether they are bought at the supermarket or grown and harvested yourself. Let’s start with us how to store potatoes the right way!
Things You Need to Know about Potatoes to Properly Store Potatoes
Potatoes are a high-carb food that provides vitamins, minerals, and healthy plant compounds. Moreover, they also work to support weight loss and prevent heart disease effectively.
General knowledge about potatoes
Potato is a tuber that grows underground on the root of the potato plant, English name is Solanum tuberosum. This plant belongs to the order Ca, related to the tomato and tobacco plants.
Potatoes are native to South America, then introduced to Europe in the 16th century, and are now grown in countless different varieties all over the world. In addition, potatoes are a versatile tuber, relatively cheap, easy to grow, easy to care for, and have a high nutrient content, so many parts of the world have chosen potatoes as a food. main in daily meals.
Potatoes can be prepared in many different ways, including boiled, fried, and baked, and are often used as a favorite snack of many people.
Nutritional value of potatoes
Potatoes cooked with the skin on are a good source of many essential vitamins and minerals, such as vitamin C or potassium. Potatoes are mostly water, in addition, the main components of potatoes include carbs, protein and a moderate amount of fiber, especially potatoes that have almost no fat.
The nutrients in 2/3 cup (100 grams) of boiled/cooked potatoes with the skin on are:
- Country: 77%
- Calories: 87
- Protein: 1.9 grams
- Carbs: 20.1 grams
- Sugar: 0.9 grams
- Fiber: 1.8 grams
- Fat: 0.1 grams
Potatoes are composed mainly of carbs, which work in the form of starch. The carb content typically ranges from 66-90% of dry weight.
In addition, potatoes contain small amounts of simple sugars, such as sucrose, glucose, and fructose. Because potatoes often rank high on the glycemic index (GI – a measure of a food’s effect on blood sugar levels after eating), they are not suitable for people with diabetes.
However, some types of potatoes have a moderate glycemic index, which depends on the variety and methods of potato preparation used by the user. Refrigerating potatoes after cooking can reduce their effect on blood sugar and lower GI by about 25-26%.
Although potatoes are not high-fiber food, they can provide a significant amount of fiber for those who eat them regularly. The skin of the potato is the place that contains the most fiber, accounting for 12%. Meanwhile, potato fibers are mainly in an insoluble form, such as pectin, cellulose, and hemicellulose.
Furthermore, potatoes also contain varying amounts of resistant starch, which is a type of fiber that nourishes the beneficial bacteria that live in the gut and helps improve digestive health. Resistant starch also contributes to blood sugar control of the body.
Potatoes have a fairly low protein content, ranging from 1-1.5% when fresh, and 8-9% by dry weight. In fact, compared to other common food crops, such as wheat, rice or corn, potatoes have the lowest amount of protein.
The main protein found in potatoes is patatin, which can cause allergic reactions in some people. Therefore, people who are prone to allergies should consider carefully before using them. Potatoes are also a good source of many important vitamins and minerals for the body, especially potassium and vitamin C.
Vitamins and Minerals
Potatoes are also a good source of many important vitamins and minerals for the body, especially potassium and vitamin C.
- Potassium: is the predominant mineral in potatoes, usually concentrated in the skin, and is very beneficial for heart health.
- Vitamin C: is the main vitamin found in potatoes, however, the amount of vitamin C can be significantly reduced when cooked or improperly processed.
- Folate: concentrated mainly in the skin of potatoes, especially those with colored intestines, helps prevent malignant cancers, increase blood volume for women before and after pregnancy.
- Vitamin B6: is a B vitamin that plays an extremely important role in the formation of red blood cells in the body, participating in the metabolism of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates.
Other Plant Compounds
Potatoes are rich in bioactive plant compounds, concentrated mainly in the skin. Besides, potato varieties with purple or red skin and intestines all contain high levels of polyphenols, which are an antioxidant, very good for human overall health.
- Chlorinated acid: this is the main polyphenol in potatoes.
- Catechin is an antioxidant, accounting for 1/3 of the total polyphenol content, and is most abundant in purple potatoes.
- Lutein: found most in yellow-fleshed potatoes. Lutein is a carotene antioxidant, which promotes eye health.
- Glycoalkaloids: are a group of toxic phytonutrients produced by potatoes, as a natural remedy against insects and other threats. Glycoalkaloids can cause some health problems if used in large amounts.
How to Store Potatoes
So you can best how to store potatoes while still ensuring their quality. After buying or harvesting potatoes, take a few minutes to sift through them. Discard tubers that are peeled, bruised, or show any signs of damage. These bulbs need to be used early as they will spoil faster than regular bulbs and can damage other normal potatoes.
Potatoes should be stored in a dry and dark place (e.g. basement, under kitchen cabinets), away from light and moisture – conditions that can cause potatoes to sprout or rot.
You also need to let the potatoes air out. Most supermarkets pack potatoes in mesh bags, which is a great way to preserve them, so don’t be fooled into transferring the potatoes to another sealed bag. If the potatoes you buy do not come in mesh bags, you can put them in a vented box, and a newspaper should be placed between the layers of potatoes. Then cover the box with a newspaper.
Potatoes should be kept cool. The best temperature to store potatoes is below 10 degrees Celsius (6-10 degrees Celsius). At this temperature, potatoes can stay fresh for several months if stored properly. At a temperature of 10-15 degrees Celsius, stored in a dark, dry and airy place, potatoes remain delicious for 2 weeks to a month. Keep in mind that the refrigerator is often too cold to store potatoes and can damage the taste and color of the potatoes (causing the starch in the potato to turn into sugar, making it taste too sweet and turning dark when cooked). up).
During storage, potatoes should be checked weekly for signs of spoilage, because one spoiled potato can infect other potatoes, so you need to remove it soon.
Signs of a Potato that Needs to be Removed
- Green: Potato skin gradually turns green, potatoes will be soft and slightly wilted, possibly caused by exposure to light. If the potatoes are only slightly green, trim off the greens before cooking.
- Sprouted potatoes: often accompanied by green skin and soft potato flesh. If the potatoes are not too soft and the sprouts are not green, you can cut the sprouts for cooking.
- Rotten potatoes: the flesh is soft and may have an odor, throw it away immediately and replace any paper that has touched them.
Take Notes to Store Potatoes
Do not wash potatoes before storing: because washing with water can easily damage potatoes. Keep the potatoes as dry as possible. If the potato has a lot of sandy soil, wait for the soil to dry and then use a toothbrush to gently scrub away the soil. You should only wash it before taking it out for processing.
If storing potatoes in the fridge, warm them to room temperature before cooking.
If the potato has been cut, it should be cooked as soon as possible. If it cannot be cooked immediately, you can put the potato in cold water. This way you can preserve the potato for 2-3 days.
Do not put potatoes near the fruit. Many fruits like apples, pears, and bananas release a chemical called ethylene. This gas encourages fruit ripening (you may notice that fruits tend to ripen faster when you keep them side by side) causing the potatoes to sprout early.
However, if you are going to save the potatoes to make french fries, you can preliminarily prepare them: wash them, cut them into small pieces, boil them with a little salt, and put them in a pot of water right from the start. When the pot of water is just boiling, pour the potatoes into the basket to drain, then store them in a box, put in the freezer compartment of the refrigerator. Defrost the potatoes for about 10 minutes before frying, and you will have crisp, crispy fries.
With the information that we have just shared, we hope you can know how to store potatoes and you will pay attention and store potatoes in the right way to keep the nutrients and freshness of the potatoes.